There are few fruits that come in such a panorama of colors as the juicy sweet tasting plum. As part of the Prunus genus of plants, plums are relatives of the peach, nectarine and almond. They are all considered “drupes,” fruits that have a hard stone pit surrounding their seeds.
97% of all U.S.-grown plums are grown in California.
Most plums grown in the United States are hybrids from the Japanese plum. The Japanese plum was introduced in California in the 1870s and its hybridization came about twenty years later.
Health Benefits of California Plums
California plums are a low-calorie powerfood that won’t spike your blood sugar levels. When plums are dried, they are known as prunes, another superfood fruit. Check out these amazing health benefits of plums:
Plums Protect Your Heart
A medium fresh plum contains 113 mg of potassium that helps manage high blood pressure and reduce your risk of stroke.
California Plums Are Good for Weight Loss
A small plum contains only 30 calories. Low in calories and high in nutrition, California plums Plums are a good weight loss product.
Plums Fight Cancer & Cell Damage
Consuming California plums helps to clean up harmful free radicals thanks to anthocyanins, the reddish-blue pigment.
Plums are Great for Relieving Constipation & Digestive Problems
California plums are filled with dietary fiber, sorbitol and isatin. Eating plums stimulate the bowel movement and the plum’s skin contains a substance that is responsible for that effect. If you peel the fruit you won’t be bothered with the well known side effects of this lovely fruit.
California Plums Can Help Prevent Diabetes
Plums have a low glycemic index, so eating plums can help you control your blood sugar and reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.
Plums Destroy Breast Cancer Cells
Plum extracts can kill aggressive breast cancer cells; the surrounding healthy cells were not harmed by the treatment. (ScienceDaily.com)
Eating Plums Improves Brain Memory
Plums are full of antioxidants that have been shown to slow the development of Alzheimer’s disease. (The University of Harvard Health Research) They also contain anthocyanin and quercetin, beneficial for preventing brain cell breakdown.
Resource via: Care2.com
Plum Fun Facts
- Plums are the second most cultivated fruit in the world.
- Plum trees are grown on every continent except Antarctica.
- There are more than 140 varieties of plum sold in the United States.
- The Chinese believe plums symbolize good fortune.
- Umeboshi (Japanese pickled plums) were thought by the samurai to combat fatigue.
- At least 2,300 people in the U.S. are listed in the whitepages with the last name “Plum.”
- Plums can be as large as a baseball or a small as a cherry.
- Plums were on the menu at the first Thanksgiving dinner in 1621.
- Prunes are actually just dried plums.
- Plums are closely related to peaches, nectaries and apricots, all in the rose family.
- Plums do not sweeten after being picked, but they will soften.
- Plums can be enjoyed fresh, dried, canned as jelly, jam or juice.
Resource via: Care2.com